Causes of cataract

Understanding The 8 Common Causes Of Cataracts

Are you also experiencing that something cloudy appears in front of your eyes all the time? If yes then you might be currently facing cataracts. In our latest blog, we delve into the intricacies of this common eye condition, exploring the 8 primary causes that lead to its development. From age-related factors to lifestyle choices, understanding these causes of cataracts is crucial in preserving your vision. Join us as we unravel the mystery behind cataracts and empower you with valuable insights for clearer eyesight.

8 Common Causes Of Cataracts

1. Aging-Related Factors

Aging is the primary cause of cataracts, and it's very natural for an old person to get affected by cataracts. As we age, the proteins within our eye's lens can undergo degradation, creating clusters that manifest as cloudy patches. This gradual cloudiness, if left unchecked, ultimately results in impaired vision. Although aging is an unstoppable force, embracing a wholesome lifestyle—complete with a nutrient-rich diet and consistent eye examinations—can serve as a shield, slowing down the onset of cataracts and preserving our precious eyesight.

2. Prolonged Exposure To UV Radiation

Long-term UV exposure without glasses or specs is one of the causes of cataracts. Whether it's sunlight or artificial sources like tanning beds, the emitted UV rays have the potential to harm the proteins within the eye lens. Safeguarding your eyes by donning sunglasses equipped with UV protection and complementing them with a wide-brimmed hat during outdoor activities proves pivotal in shielding against these detrimental rays, thereby minimizing the risk of cataract formation.

3. Diabetes

People who are currently facing diabetes have a higher chance of getting cataracts. High blood sugar in diabetes can cause sorbitol buildup in the lens, which increases swelling and cloudiness. Keeping blood sugar levels in check is important for managing diabetes-related cataracts. Regular monitoring and following a diabetes management plan can help prevent or slow down cataract progression.

4. Smoking

If you want a properly clear vision then you should quit this habit for good eyesight! Because smoking is one of the serious causes of cataracts, as tobacco chemicals trigger eye tissue inflammation and oxidative stress. Quitting smoking not only protects your lungs and heart but also preserves clear vision. Say goodbye to cigarettes for a healthier life and sharper eyesight.

5. Medications: The Unintended Side Effects

Extended usage of medications might disturb the equilibrium of fluids in the eye, causing alterations in the lens structure. Maintaining open communication with your healthcare provider regarding your prescribed medications is crucial, as they can discuss alternative options or closely monitor your eye health to detect any early indications of cataracts.

6. Genetics: Inheriting Cloudy Vision

Genetics can be another cause of cataracts, especially if they're prevalent in your family. If your family has this disease, your risk automatically increases. Early and frequent examinations empower timely identification and intervention, helping manage potential issues proactively. Prioritize your eye health by being vigilant about familial patterns and taking preemptive measures for a clearer vision down the line.

7. Trauma: The Unexpected Culprit

It is also one of the serious causes of cataracts. Injuries to the eyes, no matter how small, can speed up cataract formation by disrupting the delicate eye balance. Safeguard your eyes by using protective gear during physical activities or wearing safety goggles in risky environments.

8. Other Health Conditions

Now some here one the rare causes of cataracts and it is a certain health condition which includes obesity and high blood pressure. It happens because obesity and high blood pressure contribute to cataracts by affecting the delicate blood vessels in the eyes, leading to oxidative stress and inflammation, ultimately accelerating the formation of cloudy lenses.

Treatment Options for Cataracts

Rest assured, there is good news as cataracts can be effectively treated, and there are numerous options at your disposal to regain a clear and vibrant vision.

  • Consultation with an Eye Care Professional: Book an appointment with an eye specialist for a thorough examination. They'll evaluate your cataracts, discuss symptoms, and review your medical history, guiding you toward the best course of action.
  • Regular Monitoring: In the early stages, cataracts may not significantly affect vision. Regular check-ups allow the eye care professional to monitor their progression.
  • Prescription Glasses: Initially, updating your prescription glasses may improve vision and alleviate some symptoms caused by cataracts.
  • Surgical Intervention: When cataracts significantly impair vision and impact daily activities, Cataract Surgery in Mauritius becomes a viable option. Phacoemulsification is a common surgical technique where the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).


Understanding some common causes of cataracts empowers us to proactively preserve vision. From lifestyle changes to shielding eyes from UV rays and seeking timely medical help, we have tools to combat cloudiness in our windows to the world. Regular eye check-ups, a healthy lifestyle, and prompt attention to vision changes ensure lasting clarity and vibrancy in our eyesight throughout life. If you're dealing with cataracts and aiming to overcome this condition, don't hesitate to seek guidance from an ophthalmologist Mauritius. Enhance your vision and explore the world with clarity through Spectra expert consultation.